Brunello di Montalcino wine guide: grape, history and organoleptic characteristics
The king of every Sangiovese wines comes from Montalcino, where it has always called Brunello, hence the name Brunello di Montalcino. Here, in an area famous since ancient times for the sweetness of Moscadello of Montalcino, are produced some of the best, high-quality wines that have become symbols of the Italian enology, real masterpieces sealed in a bottle.
Structured, dense wines full of extract and with impressive tannins, but that five years of aging, six for Brunello Riserva, can tame and transform into one of the finest wine you can sip.
History of Brunello di Montalcino
The vineyards around the village of Montalcino have always been giving good red wines, however, it was only in 1800, with the intuition of Clemente Santi, pharmacist of Montalcino with the passion for viticulture, that Brunello came to light.
He was the first to believe in the potential of Sangiovese Grosso grape and making unblended wines with it. He knew that the soil of Montalcino was special, ideal for producing wines of structure with great elegance, which could have withstood decades of aging.
In 1865 the world became aware of his masterpieces and was created the Brunello di Montalcino appellation to protect and regulate its production. But years were yet to pass before Brunello was recognized as a top-notch wine, and only in the 90s of the last century, thanks to substantial investments even by American families, Brunello became a legend.
Organoleptic characteristics of Brunello di Montalcino
The grape with which Brunello di Montalcino is produced is Sangiovese of course, specifically it’s used the local clone, Sangiovese Grosso, so-called because of the thickness of the skin of the bunches, in which is contained the majority of substances that characterize the wine. And it’s for this reason that the maceration is usually long, not less than 20-30 days, to extract tannins, color, and polyphenols, which are then carved by time and oak barrels, where the wine is aged for at least five years.
The bouquet of Brunello di Montalcino is one of those that can drive any wine lover crazy, of such a complexity that represents the Holy Grail of wine. Red fruits preserved in alcohol, complex notes of tea, coffee, earth, and mushrooms are elegantly blended, ethereal, embellished with balsamic returns, with violets that bloom here and there.
The palate is juicy and structured with fern, graphite and an unmistakable trace that leaves the soil of the hills of Montalcino made of clay, limestone, galestro and alberese, a kind of stone you can find only here. In the mouth is elegant, structured, warm, pushed by a freshness that runs through all the wine, making it unique and polished.
50 shades of Brunello
The best ones are made according to the old way, that respects the characteristics of Sangiovese and let work the microclimate of Montalcino, which takes heat from the sea of Maremma and is protected to the south by the majestic Mount Amiata, thus creating a sort of happy oasis for the vineyards. The recipe for the perfect wine is very simple: low yields per plant, harvest only the best grapes, perfectly ripe, treat them with respect and then long, gentle aging in big casks.
Brunello is a wine for those who can wait: it takes years to fulfill its potential: tannins and acidity must soften their hardness, find balance and become round and mingle to create a magical blend of scents that become more and more ethereal. In recent years, many manufacturers are inclined to produce wines less tannic and more ready for the market, at the expense of the aging potential and complexity.
Rosso di Montalcino: a great little wine!
Rosso di Montalcino, in contrast, is a more simple and immediate wine, very fresh and graceful with beautiful scents, very pleasant, perfect for Chinese dishes, pizza or take-away food. It does not require aging in barrels and usually can be drunk within a year or two. Do not forget that the area of production is the same as the Brunello, change only the yields, aging and the “quality” of the grapes, often in vintages considered not so great, a winemaker can decide to not produce Brunello, but a super Rosso di Montalcino.
How to serve the Brunello di Montalcino
We are talking about a precious wine that deserves the place of honor in your cellar. It must rest horizontally at least a couple of weeks before you’ll open, to avoid traumas. Decanting can be made only in two cases: if sediments are present or you’ve uncorked a relatively young Brunello of 10-15 years. You shouldn’t decant bottles of over 20 years, since the bouquet may be ruined: the sudden oxygenation could cause a collapse of the fragile balance of the wine. Serve in large glasses and let it breathe in the glass, calmly. The serving temperature is the classic for red structured wines: 18-20° C.
Price of Brunello di Montalcino
Before talking about prices, let’s clarify a concept. Brunello is a noble wine, one of the greatest expressions of the Italian wine and one of the most exciting incarnations of a noble grape such as Sangiovese. And therefore it is right that the winemakers are given a fair price: ruthless selection in the vineyards, long aging, storage in the cellar for years and so on. All this to sweeten a bitter pill, because the price is certainly not low. If you go back with the vintages you can easily spend 1000 euros for a bottle. There are bottles also sold for 25 euros, but the usual mass-produced wineries are not the best. At least 40 euros must be budgeted for a respectable Brunello. With 43 you bring home an intermediate Brunello such as Poggione and Castello di Romitorio. Siro Pacenti is around 50 and is sure home run. Colleoni is splendid at 60-70, but also Caprili at 70 euros, always a nice drink. With 150-160 euros you can buy valid reserves such as Canalicchio di Sopra, Potazzine and Biondi Santi.